Mugs, Jugs, & Totes

Solution

Mugs sold: 33
Water jugs sold: 27
Mini tote bags sold: 15
Full-size tote bags sold: 12

Explanation

Step 1

Use the clues to find out the total amount collected for each type of item.

  • Mugs: $115.50 (given in clue)
  • Mini tote bags: $115.00 − $3.00 = $112.50
  • Full-size tote bags: $112.50 + $7.50 = $120.00
  • To find the amount collected for the water jugs, find the total collected for the other three items. Then subtract that total from the $476.25 collected.
    $115.50 for mugs +  $112.50 for mini tote bags + $120.00 for full-size tote bags = $348.00 total

    $476.25 (from clue)
    − $348.00 total for mugs, mini tote bags, and full-size tote bags =
    $128.25 for water jugs

Step 2

To find the number of items of each kind sold, divide the total collected by the cost per item. The results are listed in the chart below.

Item Money Collected Cost per Item Number Sentence Number of Items Sold
Mugs $115.50 $3.50 $115.50 ÷ $3.50 = 33 33
Water jugs $128.25 $4.75 $128.25 ÷ $4.75 = 27 27
Mini tote bags $112.50 $7.50 $112.50 ÷ $7.50 = 15 15
Full-size tote bags $120.00 $10.00 $120.00 ÷ $10 = 12 12


Houghton Mifflin Math Grade 5