Fabulous Fruit
Solution
Mr. Madison picked 80 pieces of fruit on Thursday.
Explanation
Step 1
Find out how many trees of each kind he had.
14  fruit trees in all 
1  apricot tree 
− 1  pear tree 
12  trees left, including apple, peach, and plum 
The apple, peach and plum trees are evenly divided, so:
12 ÷ 3 = 4
There are 4 apple trees.
There are 4 peach trees.
There are 4 plum trees.
Step 2
Use the clues to figure out how many pieces of fruit he picked from each tree.
Kind of tree  Number of trees  How many pieces of fruit he picked from each tree  Number sentence to show how many pieces of fruit he picked  How many in all 

Apricot  1  0  
Pear  1  4  
Apple  4  6  
Peach  4  3  
Plum  4  10  
Total  14 
Step 3
Write a number sentence to show how many pieces of fruit he picked.
Multiply.
Kind of tree  Number of trees  How many pieces of fruit he picked from each tree  Number sentence to show how many pieces of fruit he picked  How many in all 

Apricot  1  0  1 tree x 0 apricot = 0  0 
Pear  1  4  1 tree x 4 pears = 4 pears  4 
Apple  4  6  4 trees x 6 apples = 24 apples  24 
Peach  4  3  4 trees x 3 peaches = 12 peaches  12 
Plum  4  10  4 trees x 10 plums = 40 plums  40 
Total  14  80 
Step 4
Add the number of fruit of each kind to see how many pieces of fruit he picked in all.
This is another way to set up the chart.
Apricot  Pear  Apple  Peach  Plum  Total  

How many trees  1  1  4  4  4  does not matter  
How many fruits  0  4  6  3  10  does not matter  
Multiply: trees x fruit 





does not matter  
Total of each kind of fruit  0  4  24  12  40  80 
Add.
0 
4 
24 
12 
+ 40 
80 
Solve.
Mr. Madison picked 80 pieces of fruit on Thursday.