# Potted Plants

## Solution

Beth will need 20 window boxes.

## Explanation

**Step 1**

Use the clues to find out how many plants of each type Beth bought.

**Begonias** (4 plants per pack)

Beth bought 10 packs of begonias. There are 4 begonia plants to a pack.

**Think**: 10 x 4 = **40 begonia plants**

**Lilies** (2 plants per pack)

There are 4 fewer packs of lilies than packs of begonias.

**Think**: 10 – 4 = 6

There are 6 packs of lilies.

There are 2 lily plants per pack.

**Think**: 6 x 2 = **12 lily plants**

**Daisies** (6 plants per pack)

There are 2 more packs of lilies than packs of daisies.

**Think**: 6 – 2 = 4

There are 4 packs of daisies.

There are 6 daisy plants per pack.

**Think**: 4 x 6 = **24 daisy plants**

**Geraniums** (3 plants per pack)

The number of packs of geraniums equals the number of packs of daisies.

Since there are 4 packs of daisies, there are 4 packs of geraniums.

There are 3 geranium plants per pack.

**Think**: 4 x 3 = **12 geranium plants**

**Step 2**

Use the clues to find out how many window boxes Beth needed for each type of plant.

**Begonias**

There are 40 begonia plants. Beth will plant 8 begonias to a window box.

**Think**: 40 ÷ 8 = 5

Beth will need **5** window boxes for the begonias.

**Lilies**

There are 12 lily plants.

Beth will plant 4 lily plants in each window box.

**Think**: 12 ÷ 4 = 3

Beth will need **3** window boxes for the lilies.

**Daisies**

There are 24 daisy plants.

Beth will plant 3 daisy plants in each window box.

**Think**: 24 ÷ 3 = 8

Beth will need **8** window boxes for the daisies.

**Geraniums**

There are 12 geranium plants.

Beth will plant 3 geraniums in each window box.

**Think**: 12 ÷ 3 = 4

Beth will need **4** window boxes for the geraniums.

**Step 3**

Find the total number of window boxes.

5 + 3 + 8 + 4 = 20 window boxes needed for all the plants.

Beth will need 20 window boxes for all the plants.

Plant | Number of plants per pack | Number of packs | Multiplication sentence to show number of plants | Total number of plants | Number of plants per window box | Division sentence to find number of window boxes | Number of window boxes |
---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|

Begonias | 4 | 10 | 4 x 10 = 40 | 40 | 8 | 40 ÷ 8 = 5 | 5 |

Lilies | 2 | 6 | 2 x 6 = 12 | 12 | 4 | 12 ÷ 4 = 3 | 3 |

Daisies | 6 | 4 | 6 x 4 = 24 | 24 | 3 | 24 ÷ 3 = 8 | 8 |

Geraniums | 3 | 4 | 3 x 4 = 12 | 12 | 3 | 12 ÷ 3 = 4 | 4 |

20 |